The Indiana State Department of Health has released tips for parents when speaking to their children about COVID-19. The tips, developed by Indiana Emergency Services, are aimed to help parents navigate these conversations.
What should I say when explaining COVID-19 to my children?
• Remain calm and reassuring. Remember that children will react to both what you say and how
you say it. They will pick up cues from the conversations you have with them and with others.
• Make time to talk. Be sure children know they can come to you when they have questions.
• Avoid language that might blame others and lead to stigma.
• Remember that viruses can make anyone sick, regardless of a person’s race or ethnicity.
Avoid making assumptions about who might have COVID-19. Pay attention to what children see
or hear on television, radio or online.
• Consider reducing the amount of screen time focused on COVID-19. Too much information on
one topic can lead to anxiety. Provide information that is honest and accurate. Give children
information that is truthful and appropriate for the age and developmental level of the child.
• Talk to children about how some stories on COVID-19 on the Internet and social media may
be based on rumors and inaccurate information.
• Teach children everyday actions to reduce the spread of germs.
• Remind children to stay away from people who are coughing or sneezing or sick.
• Remind them to cough or sneeze into a tissue or their elbow, then throw the tissue into the
• Get children into a handwashing habit.
• Teach them to wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after
blowing their nose, coughing, or sneezing; going to the bathroom; and before eating or
• If soap and water are not available, teach them to use hand sanitizer. Hand sanitizer should
contain at least 60% alcohol. Supervise young children when they use hand sanitizer to prevent
swallowing alcohol, especially in schools and childcare facilities